A Carta de Leipzig e o renascimento das cidades europeias
Na altura em que Lisboa se envolve numa eleição municipal particularmente crítica, fruto da profunda desagregação a que chegou a sua instituição autárquica, a presidência alemã da União Europeia não poderia ter-nos oferecido melhor presente: a Carta de Leipzig. Este documento e os documentos conexos, além de representarem uma das mais importantes contribuições desta locomotiva económica e intelectual europeia nos seis meses em que esteve na liderança da União, introduz um importantíssimo quadro de referências para a necessária e urgente discussão exigida pelo povo de Lisboa na hora em que pondera e decidirá proximamente como será o quadro de governabilidade da capital do país para os próximos 2 a 6 anos.
Seria bom para a cidade e para o país que estas eleições fossem verdadeiramente um ponto de viragem na atitude da cidadania portuguesa. Os lisboetas e os cidadãos de todo o país podem e devem, apesar do pessimismo geral e das demonstrações de imbecilidade partidocrata dominantes, dar uma prova de que a cidadania democrática não só está viva, como decidiu fazer ouvir a sua voz, recusando, de ora em diante, passar cheques em branco à leviandade, à mentira, à irresponsabilidade, venham de onde vierem.
O futuro depende nós, e não “deles”.
PS: é urgente obter uma tradução oficial da “Leipzig Charter”!
Comunicado da Presidência Alemã da União Europeia
At their informal EU meeting today, European building ministers signed the “Leipzig Charter”. The Charter will strengthen inner cities. Speaking in Leipzig today, the German EU Council President, Wolfgang Tiefensee, stated:”Living in cities is becoming increasingly popular. This is a positive development, and one that we have to boost. Families are returning from the urban fringe and rural hinterland to the inner cities. Urbanity is becoming a hallmark of quality. Industrial sites are being put to new uses. Living and working on what used to be derelict industrial sites is becoming attractive. In short: Europe’s cities are currently experiencing a renaissance, and policymakers have to shape this renaissance. It will usher in a new phase of urban development. The cities of Europe face major challenges.”With the “Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities”, the 27 ministers responsible for urban development in the EU Member States have, for the first time, agreed on common principles and strategies for urban development policy. “We want to create a foundation for a new urban policy in Europe. That is why we need a model of integrated urban development. It has to take public participation in urban planning into account and improve the coordination of public and private sector investment for and in cities”, said Mr Tiefensee. The Council President went on to say: “We have to strengthen inner cities, in particular. In Europe, cities are the engines of social and economic development. That is why, in the future, urban development will have to play a more important role in European policies. Urban development policy not only determines whether people can live in a good social environment. It also enables people to experience European integration at first hand.”
He said that the Leipzig Charter would create the foundations for a new urban policy in Europe and reformulate the idea of the European city. “Over 60 percent of the European population live in urban areas with more than 50,000 inhabitants. The EU Member States have to act now if they are to be able to tackle the impact of demographic change, climate change and global economic structural change. We have to join forces to do something about onesidedness and monotony in urban development. The era of individually optimized residential and business areas, oversized shopping centres and large traffic spaces is over. There must be a greater mixture of areas for living, working and leisure in cities. This can make cities more exciting, vibrant and socially stable”, said Mr Tiefensee.
The Minister said that one of the challenges faced by European cities was youth unemployment. “With an unemployment rate among young people under 25 years of age of 18.6 %, cities have to compensate for enormous fluctuations. Here, urban development policy also has to offer solutions.” The Minister said that it was imperative to tackle social exclusion and isolation in individual neighbourhoods. “Longterm and stable economic growth will not be possible unless whole cities remain socially balanced and stable”, said Mr Tiefensee. Policymakers must not tolerate downward spirals and the stigmatization of individual neighbourhoods. “In particular, we have to devote even more attention to the educational requirements of children and young people in these urban areas. If over one half of young people in these deprived neighbourhoods leave school without any qualifications, there are bound to be problems in the future. Europe has to involve everyone”, said the Council President. — in Germany 2007 – Presidency of the European Union
* Conclusions of the German EU Council Presidency on the Informal Ministerial Meeting on Urban Development and Territorial Cohesion, Leipzig, 24-25 May 2007. (PDF)
* Renaissance der Stadte (What are the aims of the Leipzig Charter?) 24-25 May 2007 (PDF)
* Renascimento das Cidades (Quais são os objectivos da Carta de Leipzig?) 24-25 Maio 2007 (PDF)
* Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities, 24 May 2007 (PDF)
* Green Paper on Urban Transport. Mai 2007. (PDF)
* Financing of Urban Renewal and Development, 2007-2013. May 2006. (PDF)
* Supporting Projects in European Regions (JASPERS), 2007-2013. May 2006. (PDF)
* Regions for Economic Change, 2007-2013. Oct. 2006. (PDF)
* Territorial Agenda of the European Union. Jun 2006. (LINK)
* National Urban Policies in the European Union, Aug. 2004. (PDF)
* European observation network on territorial development and cohesion (ESPON 2007-2013 Programme). Jan 2007. (PDF)
* “Baukultur” comme branle de croissance. Bons exemples pour les villes europeénnes. Études de cas choisis. Avril 2007. (PDF)
Les huit facteurs qui sont intéressants pour créer des résultats positifs pour les villes:
1 – Caractère local
2 – Accessibilité
3 – Densité
4 – Usages mixtes
5 – Adaptabilité
6 – Sphere publique de haute qualité
7 – Prise de décisions intégrée
8 – Participation de usagers
* Working together for growth and jobs. A new start for the Lisbon Strategy (2005) (PDF)
## Territorial Agenda of the EU
An Informal Ministerial conference will be held in Leipzig on 24 and 25 May 2007 within the framework of the German EU (European Union) Presidency. On the occasion of this conference, ministers responsible for Spatial Development in EU Member States will adopt the so-called “Territorial Agenda of the EU”.
Agreeing upon this Agenda constitutes the preliminary culmination of a process which was launched on the occasion of the Informal Ministerial conference in Rotterdam in 2004 and was continued via the one in Luxembourg in 2005.
The Territorial Agenda of the EU, as a short policy paper and its recommendations for an integrated spatial development policy aims at mobilising the potentials of European regions and cities for sustainable economic growth and more jobs. Europe’s competitiveness in the world will additionally be strengthened by utilising its territorial diversity in a better and more innovative way. Europe will be brought closer to its citizens and their scepticism will be overcome.
The recommendations delivered by the Territorial Agenda of the EU are based on an analysis embodied in the expert report document “Territorial State and Perspectives of the EU”. (LINK)
## Green Paper on Urban Transport
The Green Paper will form the basis for the development of a European policy on urban transport as part of European transport policy. The Green Paper will address all transport modes, including walking, cycling, motor cycles and motor vehicles, and will cover both urban freight (and logistics) and passenger transport. (LINK)
## Lisbon and Gothenburg Strategies (ALSO)
“INTERREG IVC” programming under way…
Next year the INTERREG IIIC successor programme “INTERREG IVC” (programme title to be decided) will be launched. The new programme will run from 2007 till 2013. The current model consisting of four programme zones will be replaced with one Europe-wide programme with a single management structure. “INTERREG IVC” will have a clear focus on regional development policies in the areas of innovation, knowledge economy, environment and risk prevention. Different types of interregional cooperation projects and networks will be funded.
ALSO aims at estabilishing an operative link between the concrete territorial projects funded within the INTERREG programme and the Lisbon and Gothenburg Strategy. (LINK)
## Creative Europe – the power of culture in European cities – Hamburg, 31 May – 1 June 2007
Creative Europe – the power of culture in European cities focuses on the ways in which culture and creativity interact, becoming a catalyst for urban prosperity and social development. The conference is organised by the German Federal Government Commissioner for Culture and the Media in cooperation with the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg.
In the context of global structure change, we have to think about new and imaginative ways and have to consider centres for creative service-orientated industries to strengthen the competitive position and innovative potential of cities and large population centres. More and more, the attraction of creative, highly specialised, mobile inhabitants is profitable and enriches economy, culture and urban planning. This congress will examine the extent to which culture, as well as the artists and those who work in the field, contribute to a city’s innovation, development and economic prosperity.
A series of presentations, debates and four future-oriented panel discussions will examine the perspectives on social and economic changes that result from the clashes between technologically innovative regions, pioneering cultural and architectural projects, and the creative people behind them. In addition, representatives from major European cultural metropolis will introduce their cities at the congress, and give more direct insights into the topic. (LINK)
## European Urban Knowledge Network (EUKN)
The European Urban Knowledge Network (EUKN) shares knowledge and experience on tackling urban issues. Fifteen EU Member States, EUROCITIES, the URBACT Programme and the European Commission participate in this European initiative.
On this website, you find all available information on the EUKN partners’ urban policy initiatives. You can scroll through the e-library, or enter your query in the search box below. (LINK)
JESSICA, Joint European Support for Sustainable Investment in City Areas, is an initiative of the Commission in cooperation with the European Investment Bank (EIB) and the Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB), in order to promote sustainable investment, and growth and jobs, in Europe’s urban areas. (LINK)
JASPERS, ‘Joint Assistance in Supporting Projects in European Regions’, seeks to develop this cooperation in order to pool expertise and resources and to organise them in a more systematic way to assist Member States in the implementation of cohesion policy. The aim of JASPERS is to offer a service to the Member States, targeting regions covered by the new Convergence Objective for the period 2007-2013. The service will help the authorities in the preparation of major projects for submission to the Commission. In this way, the service will help to improve the quantity, quality and rapidity of projects coming forward for approval, for the benefit not only of the Member States and regions directly concerned but also for growth and convergence in the Union as a whole. (LINK)
The work of URBACT is primarily focused on cities and their neighbourhoods, which are facing high levels of unemployment, delinquency and poverty, and inadequate levels of public services. (LINK)
## “Housing Policies in the EU: A means for Urban Regeneration” (report by Spain)
## “European Urban and Territorial Networks to Exchange Experience, Learning and Skills and Generate New Knowledge” (report by Portugal, Leipzig, 24 and 25 May 2007). (PDF)
Citação: “Actively recognizing that the successful delivery of integrated urban development also depends on the public, private and community sectors working together and making the best use of generic and cross-occupational skils and knowledge, as demonstrated by the United Kingdom’s evaluation report on the Skills for Sustainable Communities work programme since the British Informal.” (in chapter 6: Key actions for the near future)
## “Regions for Economic Change”
## “The Role of the European Investment Bank in Sustainable Urban Development” (report by UK Presidency)
Citação “The Ministers took note of the European Commission’s report on the implementation of sustainable urban development and the special emphasis placed on the territorial dimension in the national strategic reference frameworks and the operational programmes of the EU Member States for the 2007-2013 programming period. They would like the new structural funds programmes as appropriate to contribute to an effective implementation of the EU Territorial Agenda and the Leipzig Charter.” — in “Conclusions of the German EU Council Presidency on the Informal Ministerial Meeting on Urban Development and Territorial Cohesion”, Leipzig, 24-25 May 2007